PHYS 104 / ESC 104  -  Introductory Astronomy: Solar System,  4 credits.  

This course is an introduction to our solar system designed for students in all disciplines. Topics include: light and telescopes, a historical overview of astronomy, a study of the components of the solar system and a discussion of the formation of the solar system. Past, present and future space exploration missions are also covered. Three class periods and one laboratory/observing period each week. Prerequisite: high school algebra and geometry or MATH 110 - Precalculus

Frequency: Not offered on a Regular Basis  
Core designations: Natural Science N  
PHYS 106 / ESC 106  -  Introductory Astronomy: Stars, Nebulae and Cosmology,  4 credits.  

This course is an introduction to the universe beyond our solar system designed for students in all disciplines. Topics include: light and telescopes, the appearance of the sky, negotiating star maps, the physical nature of stars and their formations and life cycles, clusters of stars, gas clouds and laboratory/observing period each week. (PHYS 104, ESC 104 - Introductory Astronomy: Solar System is not a prerequisite.) Prerequisite: high school algebra and geometry or MATH 110 - Precalculus

Frequency: Alternate Years - 1st Semester  
Core designations: Natural Science N  
PHYS 111  -  General College Physics I,  4 credits.  

Topics in mechanics and thermal physics are discussed. Techniques general to all areas of physics are developed. Three class periods and one three-hour laboratory each week. Prerequisite: competence in mathematics (algebra and trigonometry) equivalent to concurrent registration in MATH 110 - Precalculus or a good high school background

Frequency: Every Year - First Semester  
Core designations: Natural Science N  
PHYS 112  -  General College Physics II,  4 credits.  

This is a continuation of PHYS 111 - General College Physics I. Techniques are expanded, and topics in electricity, optics, and modern physics are added. Three class periods and one three-hour laboratory each week.

Frequency: Every Year - Second Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 111 or PHYS 128  
PHYS 115  -  Foundations of Modern Physics,  4 credits.  

This course develops problem-solving skills by exploring ideas of 21st century physics. Fundamental physical concepts such as energy, momentum, waves, and electromagnetic forces are introduced and used to gain a basic comprehension of topics such as the quantum mechanics, wave-particle duality of matter and special relativity.

Frequency: Every Year - First Semester  
Prerequisites: MATH 121 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 128  -  Physics for Scientists and Engineers,  4 credits.  

This is an accelerated introduction to mechanics, waves, and thermal physics. Three class periods and one three-hour laboratory each week.

Frequency: Every Year - Second Semester  
Prerequisites: MATH 121 (may be taken concurrently) or MATH 122  
Core designations: Natural Science N  
PHYS 153  -  Science of Sound and Music,  4 credits.  

Methods, epistemology, strengths and limitations of scientific inquiry are discussed. Physical concepts underlying sound are introduced, including forces, motion, and the character and perception of waves. Acoustic topics include intensity, pitch, tone quality, temperament; sound generation by voices, stringed, brass, reed and percussion instruments; sound recording and reproduction; room and auditorium acoustics. Three seventy minute lecture/demonstration classes and one two-hour laboratory per week.

Frequency: Not offered on a Regular Basis  
Core designations: Natural Science N  
PHYS 211  -  Physics for Scientists and Engineers II,  4 credits.  

This is a continuation of PHYS 128 - Physics for Scientists and Engineers I. Topics include thermal physics, electricity, magnetism and optics. Three class periods and one three-hour laboratory each week.

Frequency: Every Year - First Semester  
Prerequisites: MATH 122 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 216  -  Physical Science II,  1 credits.  

This is a continuation of PHYS 215. This course is designed for elementary education majors seeking a concentration in science. Topics include vector addition, motion and forces in two dimensions, conservation of energy, conservation of momentum and waves. One 100-minute class period each week.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 2nd Semester, 1st or 2nd Half - 2nd Semester  
Prerequisites: (PHYS 215 (may be taken concurrently) or SCIE 215 (may be taken concurrently))  
PHYS 231  -  Introduction to Instrumentation,  2 credits.  

This course is an introduction to electronics and experimental instrumentation. Topics include using LabVIEW to interface computers with electronic instrumentation for data acquisition and experiment control; RC and RLC circuits; complex impedance, Operational Amplifiers, and a student-designed project using Arduinos.

Frequency: 1st or 2nd Half - 1st Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 211 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 233  -  Introduction to Computational Physics,  2 credits.  

This course introduces some computational tools used by physicists. The main focus will be on programming techniques to solve realistic physical problems. No programming experience is necessary. Required for all physics majors.

Frequency: 1st or 2nd Half - 1st Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 211 (may be taken concurrently) and MATH 223 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 234  -  Introduction to Materials Science,  0-4 credits.  

In this course and its acoompanying laboratory, we explore the fundamental knowledge about various types of materials, their usage and properties that are essential in engineering design. The important relationships between internal structure and properties ranging from mechanical, thermal, electrical and magnetic in nature will all be studied.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 2nd Semester  
Prerequisites: (PHYS 224 or PHYS 324) or CHEM 128  
PHYS 314  -  Classical Mechanics,  4 credits.  

Newton's laws are applied in specific situations. Topics include forces, fields, non-inertial reference frames, oscillations, collisions, planetary motions, rigid body dynamics, and an introduction to Lagrangian mechanics. Three 70-minute class periods each week.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 1st Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 128 and MATH 223 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 315  -  Electrodynamics,  4 credits.  

The fields of fixed and moving charges and their effects on other charges are described. The behavior of fields in conducting, dielectric, and magnetic media, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves are studied. Three class periods each week.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 1st Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 211 and MATH 223 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 316  -  Statistical Physics,  4 credits.  

The behavior of matter at macroscopic and microscopic levels is discussed. Techniques of statistical mechanics are used to describe the behavior of ideal gases, heat engines, heat transfer, and magnetic effects. Three class periods each week.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 2nd Semester  
Prerequisites: (PHYS 225 or PHYS 324) and MATH 223  
PHYS 317  -  Optics,  4 credits.  

This course is an introduction to geometrical optics, lenses, mirrors, ray tracing, and aberrations, followed by a detailed discussion of physical optics, electromagnetic character of light, reflection, interference, diffraction and lasers. Three class periods each week.

Frequency: Not offered on a Regular Basis  
Prerequisites: PHYS 211 and PHYS 315  
PHYS 324  -  Modern Physics,  4 credits.  

This course and required laboratory develop the theories of Special Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. These disciplines are applied to models of atoms, nuclei and elementary particles.

Frequency: Every Year - Second Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 115 and PHYS 211 and MATH 223 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 327  -  Techniques for Experimental Physics,  4 credits.  

A laboratory-intensive exploration of advanced methods in experimentation. Emphasis is on topics in quantum physics: energy spectroscopy of photons and particles, nuclear reactions, and optical spectroscopy. Other areas to be explored are optical diffraction and electromagnetic waves. Two two-hour lecture/laboratory sessions each week.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 2nd Semester  
Prerequisites: (PHYS 225 (may be taken concurrently) or PHYS 324)  
PHYS 356  -  Condensed Matter Physics,  4 credits.  

This course provides a theoretical introduction and an overview of the fundamental applications of solid state physics. It includes theoretical description of crystal and electronic structure, lattice dynamics, and physical properties of materials (metals, semiconductors, dielectrics, magnetic materials and superconductors).

Frequency: Alternate Years - 2nd Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 324  
PHYS 357  -  Astrophysics,  4 credits.  

This course is a rigorous introduction to modern astrophysics. Topics include geometry of the celestial sphere, astronomical instrumentation, structure and evolution of stars and galaxies, and modern cosmology.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 1st Semester  
Prerequisites: (PHYS 324 or CHEM 128) and MATH 223 (may be taken concurrently) and (ESC 104 or ESC 106)  
PHYS 380  -  Special Topics,  0-4 credits.  

Courses covering various topics of interest in this particular discipline are offered regularly. Contact department or program chair for more information.

Frequency: Not offered on a Regular Basis  
Repeatable: Yes  
PHYS 390  -  Internship,  1-8 credits.  
Frequency: Every Semester  
Repeatable: Yes  
PHYS 419  -  Introduction to General Relativity,  4 credits.  

This course is an introduction to Einstein's theory of gravitation, and will focus on physical consequences of the solutions of Einstein's equation for particular geometries. Among the applications to be studies are black holes and gravitational waves. Required for physics majors with a concentration in astrophysics.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 1st Semester  
Prerequisites: PHYS 324 and MATH 311 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 429  -  Quantum Mechanics,  4 credits.  

One of the great intellectual accomplishments of the modern era, quantum physics presents a radical new picture of the material world. This course covers the principles and techniques of basic quantum mechanics, including the uncertainty principle, Schrödinger's equation, matrix mechanics, and perturbation theory. Three class periods each week.

Frequency: Alternate Years - 2nd Semester  
Prerequisites: (PHYS 224 or PHYS 324) and MATH 223 and MATH 311 (may be taken concurrently)  
PHYS 430  -  Senior Seminar,  2 credits.  

This course uses the seminar format to assist students to improve their scientific communication skills. Students will learn about the writing and presentation standards in physics, work on a senior thesis paper under the supervision of the instructor, and present the thesis for criticism and discussion. Prerequisites: senior standing and any major in physics.

Frequency: Every Year - First Semester  
PHYS 480  -  Independent Study,  1-4 credits.  

This course provides an opportunity for individual students to conduct in-depth study of a particular topic under the supervision of a faculty member. Contact the department or program chair for more information.

Frequency: Every Semester  
Repeatable: Yes  
PHYS 487  -  Directed Research,  1-4 credits.  

This course provides an opportunity for individual students to conduct research in a specific area of study, completed under the direction of a faculty mentor. Specific expectations of the research experience to be determined by the faculty. Repeatable for credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

Frequency: Not offered on a Regular Basis  
Repeatable: Yes