Nathaniel H. Dickey, chair
Daniel F. Breedon
Michael P. Culloton
David P. Eyler
Peter J. Haberman
Peter D. Halverson
Janelle C. Halverson
David L. Hamilton
Gregory R. Hamilton
Debora J. Harris
Jay A. Hershberger
Rachel F. Horan
Erika L. Izaguirre
Holly A. Janz
Anthony W. Leathem
Amy K. Mercer
Jeffrey T. Meyer
A. Jennifer Nash
Maisi H. Pedersen
Russell M. Peterson
Shauna L.S. Pickens
Callie D. Stadem
Kevin F.E. Sütterlin
Kelley I. Tracz
Karin L. Wakefield
Leigh G. Wakefield
Jessica L. Westgard Larson
Kira J. Winter
The department offers several programs that lead to either the Bachelor of Arts degree or the Bachelor of Music. Sample schedules for all of these programs, which can help students identify ways to make sure they meet all requirements within a four-year college career, are available from the music department and in the Student Handbook online. The music department is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music.
Admission to the Music Programs
First-year and transfer students are admitted to any of the Bachelor of Music and Bachelor of Arts (Leading to K-12 Music Education) programs upon demonstrating sufficient ability and skill through a personal audition during the admission process. Transfer students are required to take a placement examination to determine levels of aural ability and knowledge of music theory.
General Requirements for All Music Majors
All music majors are required to demonstrate a minimum level of piano proficiency. Piano proficiency requirements must be completed through proficiency exams (administered by piano faculty several times each semester). Preparation for proficiency exams may be accomplished through private studio instruction. Successful completion of the piano proficiency requirement will be documented in the course number MUS 399 Piano Proficiency.
Students who major in music or who are candidates for the Bachelor of Music degree are required to attend 30 recitals or concerts during the academic year, including programs of Concordia’s Cultural Events Office, and faculty recitals. Failure to attend the required number of recitals will lower the final grade received in private instruction by one letter.
Student Learning Goals and Outcomes for All Music Majors
- Acquire Fundamental Skills, Intellectual Capacities, and Knowledge
- hear, identify and work conceptually with the elements and organizational patterns of music – rhythm, melody, harmony and structure – through the following set of skills: aural skills (sight-singing, dictation and listening), composition, improvisation, analysis and keyboard
- develop technical skills requisite for artistic self-expression and the ability to read at sight with fluency (in one major performance area)
- learn, study, practice and rehearse skills necessary for the musician
- clearly express abstract musical ideas in both written and oral forms
- gain skills in collaborative music making
- become acquainted with a wide selection of world musical literature and cultures, and with the principal eras, genres and cultural sources within the Western tradition
- acquire a knowledge of fundamental musical ideas in the areas of theory, musical forms, instrumentation, literature, performance and technology
- Apply Skills and Knowledge and Develop Intellectual Capacities
- apply critical and independent thinking through a variety of analytical means (harmonic, formal, stylistic)
- develop and defend musical judgments
- understand compositional processes, aesthetic properties of style, and the ways these shape and are shaped by artistic, historical and cultural forces
- refine interpretive skills (including expressive and aesthetic evaluation) in performance, directorship, and written and oral forms of communication
- independently prepare representative repertoire for performance
- understand the procedures for realizing a variety of musical styles
- perform a cross-section of musical repertoire
- Connect Music and the Liberal Arts
- understand music as a way of knowing that has unique strengths and limitations as a means for comprehending the world and human experience
- recognize the connection between music and other disciplines and perspectives
- develop an integrated understanding of music as an art, science, and basic human activity, and of music’s relation to individual and cultural identity
- identify the varieties of music’s cultural/social meanings, uses and purposes, and its ability to transmit, reinforce and challenge cultural and personal values
- Create Art and the Self
- understand and use music as a means of self-expression and self-reflection
- exhibit musical creativity in an intelligent and independent manner through composition, improvisation, arranging, interpretation and musical leadership
- combine capabilities in performance, analysis, composition and improvisation, and history and context through independent work on musical problems
- Forge Habits of the Mind
- adopt and sustain a love of learning and a passion for change and growth
- promote excellence and nurture the desire to realize one’s potential
- establish the practice of sharing knowledge and teaching others
- cultivate a sense of calling as a musician
Pi Kappa Lambda and Departmental Honors
The primary objective of Pi Kappa Lambda is the recognition and encouragement of the highest level of musical achievement and academic scholarship. The society is convinced that recognizing and honoring persons who have enhanced their talents by serious, diligent, and intelligent study will stimulate others to do the same. Moreover, the society feels that it serves the criteria by granting a charter to institutions that provide the atmosphere conducive to musical achievement and academic virtue. Consideration for membership is based upon the following regulations:
- Seniors must be in the upper one-fifth of their class; juniors in the upper one-tenth of their class.
- Students must show excellence in all aspects of criteria.
- Nominations and elections are the responsibility of the Faculty Committee of the chapter. Acceptance into Pi Kappa Lambda is through personal invitation only.
Members of Pi Kappa Lambda Society are entitled to wear honor cords with the society’s colors at graduation. Honor cords for Pi Kappa Lambda Society are gold and white.
Bachelor of Arts Programs
Music programs leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree include the following:
- Major in music
- Major in music (K-12 Music Education)
- Minor in music to accompany other Bachelor of Arts majors at Concordia
In addition to the courses listed below for each program, candidates for the Bachelor of Arts degree must complete the college’s Liberal Arts Core requirements (see Page Pages 23-25).
Additional requirements for entrance and continuation in the Bachelor of Arts degree programs are found in the Music Student Handbook located on the music department website under Student Resources.
Bachelor of Music Programs
Music programs leading to a Bachelor of Music degree include the following:
- Major in composition
- Major in instrumental music
- Major in piano
- Major in voice
- Major in music education
In addition to the courses listed for each program, candidates for the Bachelor of Music degrees must complete 21 Core Curriculum credit hours including the college’s Core Curriculum requirements of First-Year Experience courses and religion courses.
Additional requirements for entrance and continuation in the Bachelor of Music degree programs are found in the Music Student Handbook located on the music department website under Student Resources.
Private Instruction is available in all areas of voice, piano, organ, any band or orchestral instrument, or composition. Music lessons are adapted to the individual needs of the student. They are supplemented by work in the college musical organizations, by student recitals, by ensembles and by accompanying. Representative programs in private instruction in each area are available from the music department. Please see policies below governing all private instruction courses. An explanation of applied lesson fees is found in the Music Student Handbook under Student Resources on the music department website.
Private Instruction in the Bachelor of Arts Program
In the Bachelor of Arts program, 1 credit is given for one half-hour lesson per week with one 55-minute practice period per day for one semester. Two credits are given for two lessons per week; students are expected to practice three hours daily. Private instruction is available in the following areas; please see policies below governing all private instruction courses.
|MUS 161||Voice 1||1-2|
|MUS 163||Brass 1||1-2|
|MUS 165||Woodwinds 1||1-2|
|MUS 166||Piano 1||1-2|
|MUS 167||Strings 1||1-2|
|MUS 168||Percussion 1||1-2|
|MUS 169||Organ 1||1-2|
Offered every semester
Private Instruction in the Bachelor of Music Program
All students majoring in programs leading to the Bachelor of Music are required to take private instruction in a major instrument, voice or composition, and a minor instrument or voice. Students majoring in instrumental music should have adequate foundation in preliminary study of their major instrument.
Students take the 200-level courses in private instruction for 1 or 2 credits, according to the following guidelines:
- Major instrument or voice: 2 credits are given for each course to all first-year and sophomore majors in the Bachelor of Music programs, and to juniors and seniors majoring in music education or composition, for private instruction in the student’s major instrument or voice. Students receive two half-hour lessons per week in their major instrument or voice and are expected to practice three hours daily.
- Minor instrument or voice: 1 credit is given to all majors for each course of private instruction in a student’s minor instrument or voice. One hour of daily practice and one half-hour lesson are required per week.
|MUS 261||Voice 1||1-2|
|MUS 263||Brass 1||1-2|
|MUS 264||Composition 1,2||1-2|
|MUS 265||Woodwinds 1||1-2|
|MUS 266||Piano 1||1-2|
|MUS 267||Strings 1||1-2|
|MUS 268||Percussion 1||1-2|
|MUS 269||Organ 1||1-2|
Offered every semester
Composition: MUS 264 Composition may be taken as 1 credit starting in the freshman year, or 2 credits beginning in the sophomore year, such that 4 credits have been completed by the end of the sophomore year. At 1 credit, students receive one half-hour lesson per week and are expected to compose 60 minutes daily. At 2 credits, students receive one, one-hour lesson per week and are expected to compose 120 minutes daily.
Juniors and seniors majoring in voice performance, instrumental music, or composition take the 400-level courses of private instruction in their respective area of focus. Students receive a weekly, one-hour lesson in their area of focus and are expected to practice or compose three hours daily. 4 credits are granted.
|MUS 461||Voice 1||4|
|MUS 463||Brass 1||4|
|MUS 464||Composition 1||4|
|MUS 465||Woodwinds 1||4|
|MUS 466||Piano 1||4|
|MUS 467||Strings 1||4|
|MUS 468||Percussion 1||4|
|MUS 469||Organ 1||4|
Offered every semester
Registration for private music lessons is on a semester basis. At the end of each semester, each student registered for private instruction must perform for a panel of music faculty members. Note carefully these regulations regarding private instruction:
- Students entering not later than two weeks after the beginning of the semester must pay in full for private instruction.
- If lessons are discontinued during the semester, no refund is made after the eighth week of the semester.
- Only in the case of illness of more than two weeks’ duration are fees refunded for absences from lessons.
- Students are charged for lessons missed unless they notify the instructor a reasonable time in advance of an absence. Lessons missed on legal and special holidays and during organization tours are not made up.
- Students are permitted to change instructors with the consent of the department chair.
- Students registered in the department of music are not permitted to take private lessons for credit from instructors who are not faculty members of Concordia College.
Ensemble courses may not be applied toward fulfilling the requirements in private instruction for a major or minor. Participation in a music ensemble is required for majors and minors in music as follows:
- Bachelor of Arts majors (not music education) and minors must participate for two years.
- Bachelor of Music students and Bachelor of Arts teaching majors must participate each semester of enrollment.
Because participation in many ensembles is open to students who are not majors or minors in music, see Music Organizations for detailed descriptions.
|MUS 170||The Concordia Orchestra 1||0|
|MUS 172||Concordia College Symphonia 1||0|
|MUS 174||Kantorei 1||0|
|MUS 175||Cantabile 1||0|
|MUS 176||The Concordia Choir 1||0|
|MUS 177||The Concordia Chapel Choir 1||0|
|MUS 181||The Concordia College Concert Band 1||0|
|MUS 182||The C Symphonic or Echo Band 1||0|
|MUS 188||Percussion Ensemble & Marimba Choir 1||0|
|MUS 189||Vocal Ensemble 1||0|
|MUS 190||Piano Ensemble 1||0|
|MUS 193||Marimba Choir 1||0|
|MUS 194||The Concordia College Jazz||0|
|MUS 195||Brass Chamber Music||0|
|MUS 197||Woodwind Chamber Music||0|
|MUS 199||String Chamber Music||0|
Offered every semester
- Composition Major (Bachelor of Music)
- Instrumental Music Major (Bachelor of Music)
- Music and Business Entrepreneurship Major (Bachelor of Arts)
- Music Education Major (Bachelor of Music)
- Music Major (Bachelor of Arts)
- Music Major - K-12 Music Education (Bachelor of Arts)
- Piano Major (Bachelor of Music)
- Voice Major (Bachelor of Music)
This course will prepare students to conduct a church-based choir. Students will study a variety of choral music that would be appropriate for children and adult choirs as well as valuable resources that would serve to enhance the congregational worship experience. An examination of liturgical seasons, as well as the primary thematic elements of each season, will be included.
The historically informed study of congregational signing of psalms and hymns which involves a focus on texts, tunes, authors, composers, and historical and contemporary traditions. Emphasis is on Christian congregational song, ranging from Old Testament psalms to contemporary praise-worship songs, from traditional Western hymnody to global worship songs.
The study of recently composed and produced music for worship in the United Kingdom and America, along with a survey of music written for worship in the Global South (Asia, Africa, and South America).
A general introduction to Christian liturgy, its meanings, history, and practice of worship as found in various traditions. Students explore the basic theology of worship patterning, the historical development of the Eucharist and Prayer Offices, the lectionary, customs of the church year, and sacramental rites of the Christian church.
The study of worship as a context for music, encompassing both ideas about worship and music, as well as worship and music practices.
Introductory analysis of musical listening concepts (repertoire, performance practice, terminology, forms, timbres, dynamics, pitches, etc.) through various distinct course sections devoted to the study of a particular category of music. Categories studied include classical, jazz and other styles of music. Focus on the music category within historical, political, sociological and cultural perspectives.
A fundamental course in notation, scales, intervals, triads and basic principles of voice leading in two-part and four-part writing. This course will also include the rudiments of aural skills: interval, scale and triad identification, solfege, and simple rhythmic, melodic and harmonic dictation. Throughout Materials of Music I, II, III and IV, students are introduced to the styles, forms, and compositional procedures of music and are required to analyze representative compositions as well as compose in various forms.
Further development of writing skills is covered, employing the principles of diatonic harmony including seventh chords, secondary dominants and simple modulation. Throughout Materials of Music I, II, III and IV, students are introduced to the styles, forms and compositional procedures of music and are required to analyze representative compositions as well as compose in various forms.
A fundamental course to acquaint students of voice with correct standard English diction and to familiarize them with the International Phonetic Alphabet as a clear system of notating speech sounds. Open to all students registered for vocal instruction.
A continuation of the phonetic studies from MUS 121 - English Diction, with application of the International Phonetic Alphabet to the Italian language.
A continuation of the phonetic studies from MUS 121 - English Diction, with application of the International Phonetic Alphabet to the German language.
A continuation of the phonetic studies from MUS 121 - English Diction, with application of the International Phonetic Alphabet to the French language.
Group instruction in the basic principles of vocal technique, including breathing, posture and vocalization. Commensurate with Music 161 - Private Voice Instruction. It may be counted toward the 1-credit courses required for private instruction.
A continuation of Vocal Technique I. It may be counted toward the 1-credit courses required for private instruction.
Dictation and performance using diatonic materials, interval identification and performance, rhythm dictation, and performance in simple and compound meters.
The purpose of this course is to develop a strong foundation of work habits and basic skills in piano playing. Prerequisites: piano placement audition. It may be counted toward the 1-credit courses required for private instruction.
The purpose of this course is to continue developing the strong foundation of work habits and basic skills in piano playing already acquired during the previous course, Class Piano I. It may be counted toward the 1-credit courses required for private instruction.
The Concordia Orchestra performs representative works from the symphonic music literature in a series of concerts on campus and on its annual tours.
The Concordia College Symphonia performs representative works from the chamber orchestra music literature in a series of concerts on campus.
Kantorei is a mixed choral ensemble made up primarily of first-year students who love to sing and enjoy the challenges and rewards of participating in choir. Kantorei rehearses together three times a week, and in half-hour sectionals twice weekly. The group performs at a fall concert, the Concordia Christmas Concert, a spring concert, and the annual Masterworks Concert. Auditions are held at the beginning of each semester.
Cantabile is for Concordia women in all years who love to sing, enjoy challenging music of all styles, and want to be part of an inspiring and welcoming group. Cantabile rehearses together three times a week, and in half-hour sectionals twice weekly. The group performs at a fall concert, the Concordia Christmas Concert, a spring concert, and the annual Masterworks Concert. Auditions are held at the beginning of each semester.
The Concordia Choir (sophomores and above) tours nationally and internationally, performing at major concert venues on a regular basis, in addition to campus concerts and chapel appearances.
The Concordia Chapel Choir (sophomores and above) undertakes a regional tour and performs in local and campus concerts, as well as during chapel.
The Concordia Band, an audition-based ensemble of the college's finest wind and percussion instrumentalists, performs the finest wind band repertoire at concerts, convocations, as well as on its domestic tour. Membership is available to all students regardless of major. Auditions take place at the start of the fall semester. Audition information is located on the music department Web page.
The Concordia Symphonic Band, an audition-based ensemble, performs a variety of high quality repertoire for large wind band at concerts, chapel services and campus events. Membership is available to all students regardless of major. Auditions take place at the start of the fall semester. Audition information is located on the music department web page. The Concordia Echo Band is a non-audition-based concert band that rehearses weekly in order to prepare concerts on the college campus both semesters. Membership is open to all students regardless of major.
The Percussion Ensemble is a chamber music organization consisting of 20 to 25 musicians who perform on the many and varied definite and indefinite pitched instruments of the percussion family. The Percussion Ensemble is open through audition to students of all levels who express an interest in performing on percussion instruments. The group performs a wide variety of literature from the "standard" percussion repertoire, as well as exciting new arrangements of popular, classical and folk music. All students, regardless of majors, are eligible to audition for the Percussion Ensemble.
Faculty-directed opera scenes presented in student recital.
Smaller ensembles are formed on the basis of student interest and ability and may perform in concerts and various college functions.
The Marimba Choir is a chamber music organization consisting of eight to 10 marimbists selected from the members of the Percussion Ensemble. They perform literature ranging from transcriptions of works by Bach, Mozart and other great composers, to Latin American, pops favorites, ragtime and contemporary literature for keyboard percussion. The Marimba Choir performs in the Percussion Ensemble concerts, as well as at numerous community and civic events. All students, regardless of their majors, are eligible to audition for the Marimba Choir.
The Concordia College Jazz Ensembles consist of approximately twenty musicians each. These groups perform major works representing jazz literature and styles at numerous concerts and clinics both on and off campus.
Ensembles are formed from a pool of students who have the interest and ability to perform chamber ensemble repertoire. Instrumentation is based on the genre of music selected. Emphasis is placed on developing independent ensemble skills and performances may include concerts and various college functions.
Ensembles are formed from a pool of students who have the interest and ability to perform chamber ensemble repertoire. Instrumentation is based on the genre of music selected. Emphasis is placed on developing ensemble skills and performances may include concerts and various college functions.
Smaller string ensembles are formed on the basis of student interest and ability and may perform in concerts and various college functions.
A continuation of MUS 112 - Materials of Music II with emphasis on chromatic harmony. Throughout Materials of Music I, II, III and IV, students are introduced to the styles, forms and compositional procedures of music and are required to analyze representative compositions as well as compose in various forms.
A study of post-tonal analysis and composition procedures. Throughout Materials of Music I, II, III and IV, students are introduced to the styles, forms and compositional procedures of music and are required to analyze representative compositions as well as compose in various forms.
Dictation and performance using chromatic materials, and interval identification and performance. Continued development of rhythm dictation and performance.
Dictation and performance using post-tonal materials, and interval identification and performance. Continued development of rhythm dictation and performance.
Students will gain experience in using music to effectively teach and engage students in language arts, science, math and social studies, while also boosting mental, emotional and social development. Students will also receive basic training in the rudiments of music so that they can better understand and integrate the subject matter into their teaching.
The purpose of this course is to continue developing the strong foundation of work habits and basic skills in piano playing already acquired during the previous course, Class Piano II. It may be counted toward the 1-credit courses required for private instruction.
The purpose of this course is to continue developing the strong foundation of work habits and basic skills in piano playing already acquired during the previous course, Class Piano III. It may be counted toward the 1-credit courses required for private instruction. MUS 231 must be passed with a minimum grade of B in order to register an S grade for MUS 399.
A survey of Western musical practice from the early medieval period to the mid-19th century. Focus is on the development of styles, genres, musical forms, media, social history, religious and liturgical contexts, and aesthetic perspectives.
A study of a musical genre which varies by semester. Focus on musical practice and its surrounding contexts.
A study of a musical period which varies by semester. Focus on musical practice and its surrounding contexts.
A study of a musical topic, which varies by semester. Focus on musical practice and its surrounding contexts.
An in-depth study of 18th century contrapuntal techniques and repertoire. This course can be used to fulfill the Creative Applications requirement.
A course involving both class and individual instruction on basic techniques used in composition. Experience in writing and analyzing works. This course can be used to fulfill the creative applications requirement.
A continuation of Composition I.
Students will develop and exercise teaching skills for success in the choral classroom. As a conductor/teacher, students will need the ability to reflect critically about their teaching by intentionally examining pedagogy, materials, and personal resources related to the teaching/learning transaction. Additionally, the course will acquaint students with the various types, genres, and voicings of quality choral literature appropriate for choirs of all ages.
A study of orchestral instruments and techniques; scoring for chamber ensembles and orchestra. This course can be used to fulfill the Creative Applications requirement.
This course is designed to be a companion course with Accelerated Italian 112. Students who elect to take this course will have two hours of private voice lessons/coachings per week and three to five hours of rehearsals taught by David Hamilton and native Italian instructors. Students will prepare Italian songs and opera scenes for public performance in Trieste.
An introduction to a variety of musical systems and the relationship of these to cultures in which they originate.
An interdisciplinary collaboration between the German Department and the Music Department that focuses on the cultural history of the Romantic era with special consideration of the poets and poetry with the great musicians of the time, Schubert, Schumann and others, chosen for their compositions. Students perform for each other in Salon Evenings, much as young people in the 19th Century did. An exploration course to Vienna is offered as part of the course.
Courses covering various topics of interest in this particular discipline are offered regularly. Contact department or program chair for more information.
A laboratory course, designed for music education majors, covering practical performance and techniques of teaching string and woodwind instruments.
A laboratory course, designed for music education majors, covering practical performance and techniques of teaching brass and percussion instruments.
This course documents successful completion of the piano proficiency requirement. Successful completion of the piano proficiency requirements will be documented as a grade of S/U on the official transcript under the course MUS 399 - Piano Proficiency, no credit. E.
A study of a musical genre which varies by semester. Focus on musical practice and its surrounding contexts. Emphasis on research and writing or analysis.
A study of a musical period which varies by semester. Focus on musical practice and its surrounding contexts. Emphasis on research and writing or analysis.
A study of a musical topic which varies by semester. Focus on musical practice and its surrounding contexts. Emphasis on research and writing or analysis.
A study of analytical motivations, techniques and results, focusing on the major analytical methodologies and theoretical models in use today. Complementary study of musical forms from the Baroque through the present, including art and popular music.
As a continuation of Critical Analysis I, a study of analytical motivations, techniques and results, focusing on the major analytical methodologies and theoretical models in use today. Complementary study of musical forms from the Baroque through the present, including art and popular music.
A study of baton techniques, selection of voices, choir organization, the rehearsal, phonetics and literature. A choir is organized within the class for practical experience in conducting.
Analysis and conducting of choral literature of all periods.
Exploration of the gestural, analytical, and psychological tenets of instrumental conducting.
Advanced explanation of the gestural, analytical, and psychological tenets of instrumental conducting.
A course designed to acquaint the student with the song literature from the 17th century to the present. Interpretation, style and program building are studied.
Fundamentals of tone production and singing. This course is intended primarily for music education students with majors in instrumental music. It may be counted toward the 1-credit courses required in private instruction.
An in-depth study of digital audio synthesis, recording and editing. This course can be used to fulfill the Creative Applications requirement.
A continuation of Music Technology I with a focus on advanced synthesis and editing techniques, and composing in an interactive environment. This course can be used to fulfill the Creative Applications requirement.
This course acquaints students with basic principles and techniques of teaching voice, introduces the physiology of vocal production, and presents appropriate literature for beginning voice students. Prerequisites: two years of college vocal study or consent of instructor.
A course in teaching methods and available materials for piano instruction and a survey of the various pedagogical schools. Open to intermediate and advanced piano students.
A study of the literature written for the keyboard from the time of J.S. Bach to the present, involving listening, analyzing and performing. Also includes ongoing consideration of the great keyboard players of the past and present.
This course acquaints students with beginning to advanced solo literature for their instrument and develops a comprehensive knowledge of solo, chamber and orchestral string literature. This course is required for the Bachelor of Music-Performance major in strings and it is expected that students be enrolled in lessons concurrently while taking this class.
This course acquaints students with basic principles and techniques of teaching stringed instruments, explores advanced philosophies of string playing, introduces the physiology of playing, and presents appropriate literature for teaching beginning through advanced string students in the private studio or college setting. Although this course is required for the Bachelor of Music-Performance major in strings, anyone interested in learning more about strings pedagogy is welcome and encouraged to enroll.
Will engage the student in the study of solo and chamber ensemble literature. It will combine historically significant works, prominent composers, and contemporary literature, while exploring the historical development of solo and chamber ensemble literature. Students will broaden their knowledge of pedagogical techniques. Each member of the class will research, study, and perform assigned selections for the class.
This course provides an opportunity for individual students to conduct in-depth study of a particular topic under the supervision of a faculty member. Contact the department or program chair for more information.
Credit for senior recital granted to Bachelor of Music students only.
This course provides an opportunity for individual students to conduct research in a specific area of study, completed under the direction of a faculty mentor. Specific expectations of the research experience to be determined by the faculty. Repeatable for credit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.